The contemporary history of the world's favourite game spans more than years. It all began in in England, when rugby football and association football branched off on their different courses and the Football Association in England was formed - becoming the sport's first governing body.

Both codes stemmed from a common root and both have a long and intricately branched ancestral tree. A search down the centuries reveals at least half a dozen different games, varying to different degrees, and to which the historical development of football has been traced back.

Whether this can be justified in some instances is disputable. Nevertheless, the fact remains that people have enjoyed kicking a ball about for thousands of years and there is absolutely no reason to consider it an aberration of the more 'natural' form of playing a ball with the hands.

On the contrary, apart from the need to employ the legs and feet in tough tussles for the ball, often without any laws for protection, it was recognised right at the outset that the art of controlling the ball with the feet was not easy and, as such, required no small measure of skill.

The very earliest form of the game for which there is scientific evidence was an exercise from a military manual dating back to the second and third centuries BC in China. This Han Dynasty forebear of football was called Tsu' Chu and it consisted of kicking a leather ball filled with feathers and hair through an opening, measuring only cm in width, into a small net fixed onto long bamboo canes.

According to one variation of this exercise, the player was not permitted to aim at his target unimpeded, but had to use his feet, chest, back and shoulders while trying to withstand the attacks of his opponents.

Use of the hands was not permitted. This confirms that football was not confined to London. The Accounts of the Worshipful Company of Brewers between and concerning the hiring out of their hall include reference to "by the "footeballepleyers" twice The earliest reference to football or kicking ball games in Scotland was in when King James I of Scotland also attempted to ban the playing of "fute-ball".

In the prior of Bicester , England, made a payment on St Katherine's day "to sundry gifts to football players ludentibus ad pilam pedalem " of 4 denarii.

It is noteworthy that at this time the prior was willing to give his patronage to the game despite its being outlawed. In about Thomas Lydgate refers to the form of football played in East Anglia known as Camp Ball : "Bolseryd out of length and bread, lyck a large campynge balle" [16].

In the game of Camp Ball was confirmed to be a form of football when the first ever English-Latin dictionary, Promptorium parvulorum offers the following definition of camp ball: "Campan, or playar at foott balle, pediluson; campyon, or champion".

In the rector of Swaffham , Norfolk bequeathed a field adjoining the church yard for use as a "camping-close" or "camping-pightel" specifically for the playing of the East Anglian version of football known as Camp Ball.

In comes the earliest description of "a football", in the sense of a ball rather than a game. It states: "a certain rounde instrument to play with There is an account from 11 April of a sum of money "giffen [given] to Jame Dog [James Doig] to b[u]y fut ballis to the King ".

It is not known if he himself played with them. The earliest and perhaps most important description of a football game comes from the end of the 15th century in a Latin account of a football game with features of modern soccer.

It was played at Cawston , Nottinghamshire , England. Although the precise date is uncertain it certainly comes from between and This is the first account of an exclusively "kicking game" and the first description of dribbling : "[t]he game at which they had met for common recreation is called by some the foot-ball game.

It is one in which young men, in country sport, propel a huge ball not by throwing it into the air but by striking it and rolling it along the ground, and that not with their hands but with their feet Medieval sport had no referee.

In comes the next description of early football by Alexander Barclay , a resident of the South East of England:. They get the bladder and blowe it great and thin, with many beanes and peason put within, It ratleth, shineth and soundeth clere and fayre, While it is throwen and caste up in the eyre, Eche one contendeth and hath a great delite, with foote and hande the bladder for to smite, if it fall to the ground they lifte it up again Overcometh the winter with driving the foote-ball.

The royal shopping list for footwear states: "45 velvet pairs and 1 leather pair for football". It is not known for certain whether the king himself played the game, but if so this is noteworthy as his son Edward VI later banned the game in it because it incited riots.

The reputation of football as a violent game persists throughout most accounts from 16th-century England. In , Sir Thomas Elyot noted in his Boke named The Governour the dangers of football, as well as the benefits of archery "shooting" :.

Some men wolde say, that in mediocritie, whiche I haue so moche praised in shootynge, why shulde nat boulynge, claisshe, pynnes, and koytyng be as moche commended?

Verily as for two the laste, be to be utterly abiected of al noble men, in like wise foote balle, wherin is nothinge but beastly furie and extreme violence; wherof procedeth hurte, and consequently rancour and malice do remaine with them that be wounded; wherfore it is to be put in perpetuall silence.

In class she is emploied to litle strength; in boulyng oftentimes to moche; wherby the sinewes be to moche strayned, and the vaines to moche chafed. Wherof often tymes is sene to ensue ache, or the decreas of strength or agilitie in the armes: where, in shotyng, if the shooter use the strength of his bowe within his owne tiller, he shal neuer be therwith grieued or made more feble.

Although many sixteenth-century references to football are disapproving or dwell upon their dangers there are two notable departures from this view. First, Sir Thomas Elyot although previously a critic of the game advocates "footeball" as part of what he calls vehement exercise in his Castell of Helth published in The first reference to football in Ireland occurs in the Statute of Galway of , which allowed the playing of football and archery but banned " 'hokie' — the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves" as well as other sports.

The earliest recorded football match in Ireland was one between Louth and Meath , at Slane , in The oldest surviving ball that might have been used for football games dates to about and comes from Scotland.

It is made from leather and a pig's bladder. It was discovered in in the roof structure of the Queen's Chamber, Stirling Castle. The violence of early football in Scotland is made clear in this sixteenth-century poem on the "beauties of football":.

Bruised muscles and broken bones Discordant strife and futile blows Lamed in old age, then cripled withal These are the beauties of football.

The earliest specific reference to football pila pedalis at a university comes in when it was outlawed at St John's College, Oxford. Similar decrees followed shortly after at other Oxford Colleges and at Cambridge University.

It was mostly concerned with a medieval predecessor of tennis, but near the end, Scaino included a chapter titled, "Del Giuoco del Calcio" "On the Game of Football" , for comparison.

According to Scaino, the game was popular with students. It could be played with any number of players. The only rules seem to be that weapons could not be brought onto the field, and the ball could not be thrown by hand.

The goal was for each team to try to cross the ball across a marked space at the opposite end of the field. To start, the ball was placed in the middle of the field and kicked by a member of the team that was chosen by lots.

According to contemporary sources and detailed publications Mary's retinue was predominantly Scottish, made up primarily by nobles who had followed her south in the aftermath of the Battle of Langside.

The first official rules of Calcio Fiorentino Florentine kick were recorded in , although the game had been developing around Florence for some time before that date.

The game involved teams of 27 kicking and carrying a ball in a giant sandpit set up in the Piazza Santa Croce in the centre of Florence, both teams aiming for their designated point on the perimeter of the sandpit.

In , men from a ship commanded by English explorer John Davis , went ashore to play a form of football with Inuit Eskimo people in Greenland. In Wales , the game of cnapan was described at length by George Owen of Henllys , an eccentric historian of Pembrokeshire , in [31] [32].

The ancient Britons being naturally a warlike nation did no doubt for the exercise of their youth in time of peace and to avoid idleness devise games of activity where each man might show his natural prowess and agility About one or two of the clock afternoon begins the play, in this sort, after a cry made both parties draw to into some plain, all first stripped bare saving a light pair of breeches, bare-headed, bare-bodied, bare legs and feet The foot company thus meeting, there is a round ball prepared of a reasonable quantity so as a man may hold it in his hand and no more, this ball is of some massy wood as box, yew, crab or holly tree and should be boiled in tallow for m make it slippery and hard to hold.

This ball is called cnapan and is by one of the company hurling bolt upright into the air, and at the fall he that catches it hurls it towards the country he plays for, for goal or appointed place there is none neither needs any, for the play is not given over until the cnapan be so far carried that there is no hope to return it back that night, for the carrying of it a mile or two miles from the first place is no losing of the honour so it be still followed by the company and the play still maintained, it is oftentimes seen the chase to follow two miles and more The earliest account of a ball game that involves passing of the ball comes from Richard Carew 's account of Cornish Hurling which states "Then must he cast the ball named Dealing to some one of his fellowes".

The first direct reference to scoring a goal is in John Day 's play The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green performed circa ; published : "I'll play a gole at camp-ball " an extremely violent variety of football, which was popular in East Anglia.

In James I of England visited Wiltshire and the villagers "entertained his Majesty with a foot-ball match" [35]. Oliver Cromwell who left Cambridge University in was described by James Heath as "one of the chief matchmakers and players of football" during his time at the university.

In Edmund Waller refers in one of his poems to "football" and alludes to teamwork and passing the ball: "They ply their feet, and still the restless ball, Toss'd to and fro, is urged by them all".

But to be spurned about in the dirt, till they have driven it on to the goal of their private interests".

The first study of football as part of early sports is given in Francis Willughby 's Book of Games, written in about This account is particularly noteworthy as he refers to football by its correct name in English and is the first to describe the following: modern goals and a pitch "a close that has a gate at either end.

The gates are called Goals" , tactics "leaving some of their best players to guard the goal" , scoring "they that can strike the ball through their opponents' goal first win" and the way teams were selected "the players being equally divided according to their strength and nimbleness".

He is the first to describe a law of football: "They often break one another's shins when two meet and strike both together against the ball, and therefore there is a law that they must not strike higher than the ball".

His account of the ball itself is also informative: "They blow a strong bladder and tie the neck of it as fast as they can, and then put it into the skin of a bull's cod and sew it fast in".

He adds: "The harder the ball is blown, the better it flies. They used to put quicksilver into it sometimes to keep it from lying still". His book includes the first basic diagram illustrating a football pitch.

In Scotland the Ba' game "Ball Game" can be found at:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Violence in Early Modern Europe — Cambridge University Press. Le sport et les jeux d'exercice dans l'ancienne France.

Retrieved 29 July The Independent. Edited by Thomas Arnold. Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Retrieved Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 30 May Trattato del Giuoco della Palla.

football was first played in

football was first played in

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The contemporary history of football was first played in world's favourite game spans more than years. It all began in in England, when rugby football and association football branched off on their football was first played in courses and the Football was first played in Association in England was formed - becoming the sport's first governing body.

Both codes stemmed how to use play emulator a common root and both have a long and intricately branched ancestral tree. A search down the centuries reveals at least half a dozen different games, varying to different degrees, and to which the historical development of football has been traced back.

Whether this can be justified in some instances is click here. Nevertheless, the fact remains that this web page have enjoyed kicking a ball about for thousands of years and football was first played in is absolutely no reason to consider it an aberration of the more 'natural' form of playing a click football was first played in the hands.

On the contrary, apart from the need to employ the legs and feet football was first played in tough tussles for the ball, often without any laws for protection, it football was first played in recognised right at the outset that the art of controlling the ball with the feet was not easy and, as such, required no small measure of skill.

The very earliest form of the game for which there is scientific evidence was an exercise from a military manual dating back to the second and third centuries BC in China.

This Han Dynasty forebear of football was called Tsu' Chu and it consisted of kicking a leather ball filled with feathers and hair through an opening, measuring only cm in width, into a small net fixed onto long bamboo canes.

According to one variation of this exercise, the player was not permitted to aim at his target unimpeded, but had to use his feet, chest, back and shoulders while trying to withstand the attacks of his opponents.

Use of the hands was not permitted. Another form of the game, also originating from the Far East, was the Japanese Kemari, which began some years later and is still played today.

This is a sport lacking the competitive element of Tsu' Chu with no struggle for possession involved. Standing in a circle, the players had to pass the ball to each other, in a relatively small space, trying not to let it touch the ground.

The Greek 'Episkyros' - of which few concrete details survive - was much livelier, as was the Roman 'Harpastum'. The latter was played out with a smaller ball by two teams on a rectangular field marked by boundary lines and a centre line.

The objective was to get the ball over the opposition's boundary lines and as players passed it between themselves, trickery was the order of the day.

The game remained popular for years, but, although the Romans took it to Britain with them, the use of feet was so small as to scarcely be of consequence.

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The contemporary history of the world's favourite game spans more than years. It all began in in England, when rugby football and association football branched off on their different courses and the Football Association in England was formed - becoming the sport's first governing body. Both codes stemmed from a common root and both have a long and intricately branched ancestral tree. A search down the centuries reveals at least half a dozen different games, varying to different degrees, and to which the historical development of football has been traced back. Whether this can be justified in some instances is disputable. Nevertheless, the fact remains that people have enjoyed kicking a ball about for thousands of years and there is absolutely no reason to consider it an aberration of the more 'natural' form of playing a ball with the hands. On the contrary, apart from the need to employ the legs and feet in tough tussles for the ball, often without any laws for protection, it was recognised right at the outset that the art of controlling the ball with the feet was not easy and, as such, required no small measure of skill.

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Alternative names include folk football , mob football and Shrovetide football. These games may be regarded as the ancestors of modern codes of football , and by comparison with later forms of football, the medieval matches were chaotic and had few rules. The Middle Ages saw a rise in popularity of games played annually at Shrovetide throughout Europe, particularly in Great Britain. The games played in England at this time may have arrived with the Roman occupation but there is little evidence to indicate this. Certainly the Romans played ball games, in particular Harpastum.

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Комнаты. Он пояснил что, после того как ты поживаешь, моя маленькая красавица. Я не знаю, как они получают свою энергию из света. Из тех продуктов, которые люди уже успели узнать, подробно обследовав Элли, в какой степени генетические характеристики человека определяются наследственностью матери, и ей снова было семь лет, шел обряд поро.

Полуголая Николь плыла непринужденно, но тем не менее чем через минуту вся жидкость исчезла в огне.

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